The History of Chihuahua
There are many theories about where Chihuahuas came from. This has caused confusion and heated debate.
One theory that is most plausible is that Chihuahuas descend from the Techichi breed of dogs, which was kept by the ancient Toltec people.
After being popularized as companion dogs, they were then sold to tourists. They are most commonly found in Chihuahua, Mexico which is how they got their unique name.
Their popularity spread quickly when American tourists who came to Mexico in the late 1800s brought their adorable little dogs home.
Common Features and Characteristics
The average Chihuahua is between 3 and 6 pounds. There are rare occasions when the Chihuahuas who are healthier can weigh in at 12 pounds or more. These dogs are known for their bold and confident personalities, but they also have a touch of affection and sensitivity. This makes them an all-rounder dog.
Early socialization is a key requirement for Chihuahua puppies. They need to be exposed to different breeds, sounds and sights in order to become more well-rounded dogs.
This is important because Chihuahuas can be stubborn, unruly and aggressive if they are not socialized properly. They may also be timid or apprehensive if they are not socialized properly.
Types of Chihuahua
Although there is one Chihuahua breed, there are many other types. They are classified according to their shapes and coats. Continue reading to learn more about the various types, as well as their defining characteristics and characteristics.
The Chihuahua’s super-short and smooth coat is what gives it its name. It has shorter hairs than its long-haired counterpart. The smooth-coated Chihuahua needs less grooming, combing and trimming.
These dogs can shed a lot, making them unsuitable to people with dog hair allergies.
The smooth-coated Chihuahuas are Mexican and originate from Mexico. Their breed dates back to the 5 th century, which was the time of the Mayan Civilization. They are the smallest Chihuahuas, with a fine, smooth hair and an apple-domed head.
They are usually between 1 and 3 kg in weight and 15 to 23 cm at their withers. They are also part of the toy category and are often used as companions in shows and other activities.
The Chihuahua is incredibly intelligent and can adapt quickly to a variety of training methods. These Chihuahuas have a great personality and can form strong bonds with people. However, they can be shy around strangers.
They are very curious, affectionate and lively. It is important to socialize this breed in its early stages. New environments can make them anxious and unapproachable. These digs can be very frustrating.
This breed is sometimes called the “toy-sized, long-haired Chihuahua”, and it comes in a range of hair lengths as well as a variety colors. This breed is the most well-known and loved among all Chihuahuas.
These Chihuahuas are known for their long, silky, soft hair. They have a distinct appearance which makes them very popular.
Long-Coat Chihuahuas have wavy, or flat, long coats. They come in a variety of colors from fawn through black. They are small, compact dogs that can weigh in at between 1.5-2.7 kg and measure approximately 15-23cm.
This ancient breed is a descendant of the Mayan dogs in South America, and the Techichi dog families in the Toltecs in Mexico. Historical records show that Christopher Columbus wrote a letter to King of Spain mentioning the Chihuahua’s long-coat coat.
Evidently, he was also the one who brought this dog to Europe. This dog breed quickly gained popularity in America where it was first called a “Texas Dog”, or “Arizona Dog”.
Long-Coat Chihuahuas are very confident, courageous and feisty. They are known for being loyal, kind and gentle towards their families.
Because they are very affectionate, they make a wonderful pet. These Chihuahuas have a tendency to pick their favorite family member and follow them around pompously.
Apple Head Chihuahua
This breed of Chihuahua is regarded as a superior Chihuahua in terms its excellence and deserves great respect.
The widely-held belief is that Chihuahuas who are apple-head Chihuahuas should be the first thing you think of when you hear “Chihuahua”. They are the true Chihuahua breed standard.
Apple Head Chihuahuas are named for their unique apple-shaped heads with a 90 degree sloped forehead. This angle is known as a “stop”, which is the place where the forehead meets the muzzle. The Americans discovered them in 1800.
The American Kennel Club registered the apple head Chihuahuas in 1908. They were a Hollywood hit and loved by their owners as companions and pets.
They are part of the Toy breed. They typically weigh between 3-5 and 5-8 pounds and reach an average height around 5-8 inches. Their lifespan is usually between 10 and 18 years. They are the smallest dogs of their breed and have beautiful, dark and glowing eyes.
They can have either long or short hairs, which is one of the distinguishing characteristics among all Chihuahua dogs. They can be found with six colors in their coats: white, cream, chocolate, black, gold and fawn.
The Chihuahua is known for its adorable and charming temperament. They do well in families. To be socially friendly and playful, they will need to receive lots of obedience training.
Deer Head Chihuahua
The unique Chihuahua’s name comes from its distinctive head shape, which is very similar to a deer or hound. The deer-head Chihuahuas have a similar angle to the Chihuahuas with an apple-head. This is where the long snout meets its skull.
Their head is the most distinguishing feature. However, you can tell their apart from other Chihuahuas also by their Postage ears and long legs.
A healthy, well-bred Deer Head Chihuahua can last up to 15 years. It is slightly longer than its apple-head cousin and weighs between 4-7 lbs.
There are many colors available, with the most popular being fawn. They have a larger than life personality and a high level of loyalty and devotion. They will tend to be attached to one family member and only hang around that person.
They will be very loyal to the person they are obeying and may defend them against any and all.
They are affectionate, stubborn and dominant, as well as unruly. They can make great companions or lapdogs if they are socialized and trained properly.
Because they are small enough to fit in teacups, these Chihuahuas can fit into your palm. They are smaller than other dog breeds, as they are less than five-pounds and nine inches when fully grown.
Although it is still a matter of debate as to the origin of Teacup Chihuahuas, there is no doubt that they are an ancient breed.
Historical records indicate that teacup Chihuahuas were bred from ancient Techichi dogs found near Mexico City during the Toltec civilization.
These dogs were apparently reduced in size by the Aztecs when they defeated the Toltecs. The modern Teacup Chihuahua was created by crossing this smaller breed with an oriental hairless dog breed.
Teacup Chihuahuas are small and don’t take up much space. They also look just like puppies because of their tiny size. This makes them very appealing to pet owners and pet lovers.
They can’t be kept for long because of their health issues that significantly reduce their life expectancy.
The Chihuahua breed is controversial because it was once believed to be a separate breed of Chihuahua. It has been called a mythical breed of dog breed.
They get their name from their fawn coat.
Because fawn is a popular color among Chihuahuas, it is often believed that any Chihuahua can be considered a “fawn Chihuahua”, due to their fawn coloring.
The fawn-colored Chihuahuas have a distinctive coat, which could make them a “thing” or be classified as a completely different breed.
Pear Headed Chihuahua
These Chihuahuas are unique in that they have flat heads with a pear shape. These Chihuahuas are often referred to as “a copy” of apple-head and dear-head Chihuahuas. This is because they have larger dimensions, flatheads and prominent muzzles.
Because of their unusual shape, pear-headed Chihuahuas can be a bit unpopular. They are often found with other breeders.
These Chihuahuas are great companions, and they’re a playful and interesting breed. They can be taken anywhere, and they can also travel well.
The “Chillier”, a small-sized cross between the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Mexican Chihuahua, is smaller in stature. Their most notable features include their large, bulging eyes and droopy ears, which look a lot like a Chihuahua’s, or their tall, straight ears.
This Spaniel-Chihuahua dog is a product of the United States of America.
Their popularity has resulted in their high demand as pets, companions, and lapdogs. Chillier Chihuahuas are known for being friendly, loyal, and outgoing.
The coats of these dogs are a mixture of straight and short, as well as long and silky. They can sport a wide range of colors, including black, brown, and even cream.
They are a small breed, weighing in at 6-12 pounds and 8-10 inches respectively. The chillier Chihuahuas are capable of living up to 16 years if they have the right conditions and grow well.
The Chihuahua Cavalier-King Charles Spaniel mix is a great family dog. He has a calm, friendly temperament. Sometimes, however, these dogs may display a combination of the parents’ traits.
They may be as sweet and friendly as their King Charles Spaniel parents or they might display stubbornness and independence like a Chihuahua.
These dogs are great companions and playmates for children, but they can also become very possessive of a family member.
This Chihuahua Dachshund combination is very popular and is loved by most dog owners. These dogs are great for people who don’t want a large dog, but still need a reliable bodyguard.
Chiweenie Chihuahua can also be described as a mix between the Chiweenie Chihuahua and Chihuahua, which is a short, loving and affectionate Dachshund and fierce Chihuahua.
They can be bred to be companion dogs or toy breeds. Their average lifespan is 13-16 years. They are usually between 5-10lbs and 8-12 inches tall. They come in a range of colors, including black, brown and tan.
This breed was first developed in the 1990s. It has gained significant popularity in recent years, especially in the United States.
Because they are a cross of two dog breeds, their origins may be different. The Chihuahua is a Mexican breed, but the Dachshund comes from Germany and has European roots.
These dogs are small in stature, but they have strong personalities and are quite bold. They will defend you from harm and other animals and are fearless and brave in all situations. They are loyal and loving dogs that will protect your home.
This breed is a pint-sized hybrid, a cross between the Mexican Chihuahua breed and one of the terrier breeds.
Chihuahuas can be small dogs bred mostly for companionship. Terriers, however, are a breed of dog that is bred to work roots and hunt.
The personality of their parents and the training they receive in behavior management and socialization with other dogs will greatly influence their temperament and nature. This hybrid dog is athletic and full of energy.
Read our article on the body language and behavior of dogs in our “Expert Guide to Dog Bodily Language”.
This breed averages between 6- and 25 lbs in height. They can live up to 12-20years on average, and come in a variety of colors, including brown, white, and bi- and tri-colors due to the many terrier breeds they are part of.
Because they have a variety of personalities, the Chihuahua Terrier mix breed is ideal for both active and passive homes.
They are extremely energetic and can be fatigue-proof. They require over 60 minutes of physical activity and exercise each day.
You will now be able tell the difference between the Chihuahua types and can choose the one that suits you best.
In total, the AKC recognizes the following Chihuahua coat colors:
- Black & Tan
- Blue & Tan
- Chocolate & Tan
- Fawn & White
- Black & Red
- Black & Silver
- Black & White
- Black Sabled Fawn
- Black Sabled Silver
- Blue & White
- Blue Brindled Fawn
- Blue Fawn
- Chocolate & White
- Chocolate Blue
- Chocolate Brindled Fawn
- Chocolate Sabled Fawn
- Cream & White
- Fawn Brindled Black
- Gold & White
- Red & White
- Silver & White
But colors are only half the story! There are also a number of markings that Chihuahuas can sport, including:
- Black Mask
- Black Brindling
- Black Sabling
- Merle Markings
- Spotted on White
- White Markings
- Black Mask with White Markings
- Blue Mask
- Cream Markings
- Fawn Markings
- Red Markings
Caring for Your Chihuahua (No Matter the Type!)
You can care for your Chihuahua with long hair, a smooth-coated Chihuahua or a small teacup Chihuahua with similar care.
The Chihuahua, with his small frame, is easy to care for. He has a low food cost and requires little exercise. However, he does have health issues that you should be aware of.
To help clean his teeth between brushes, he should be encouraged to chew a crunchy kibble. However, a snack or treat can be given as an option.
It is a great idea to take your dog for a walk every day. However, the dog is equally happy playing in the backyard and going on walks indoors.
His size can pose a risk that is not present in larger breeds, such as birds of prey. When outside, your Chihuahua needs to be closely monitored. Leashed walks are the best way for him to stay safe.
This applies to both day and night as well, since owls pose the same threat as hawks. Coyotes can also be a threat in many places.
Two-footers can pose a danger for Chihuahuas. These small doggos can be extremely fragile so they should not be left alone around children. Accidents do happen.
Roughhousing can cause broken bones quickly, which can have devastating effects on the Chihuahua’s small frame. Although the Chihuahua is able to get along with other gentle, well-behaved dogs and cats, he prefers his own breed. Because of his size, he is best suited to play dates with smaller dogs in order to avoid injury.
The Chihuahua’s small size and exercise requirements make him a great candidate for apartment living. However, early training is necessary to reduce his tendency to bark excessively.
Although he may be small, he is quite vocal when he wants to, which would not be appreciated by anyone in your building.
Chihuahuas can be difficult to housetrain. You’ll get a well-mannered, potty-trained companion that is consistent and rewards you for your consistency and reward-based training.
Chihuahua Clubs: Mingling with Other Chihuahua Owners!
Many clubs devoted to the Chihuahua dog breed have emerged as a result of its popularity. These clubs allow owners to share their knowledge with others, have fun and tell stories.
Some of the most noteworthy Chihuahua clubs include:
- The Chihuahua Club of America
- The British Chihuahua Club
- The Dallas Chihuahua Club
- The Chihuahua Club of Canada
- The Chihuahua Club of Victoria Inc. (Australia)
Do you own a Chihuahua or are you considering adding one to your family? These clubs can help!